Child Development Stages: The Facts You Should Know

Child development stages refer to the periods in a child’s development, which starts from infants down to young adults. For every change, a number of changes may be expected. Usually, they involve the brain as it develops that way. What approximately happens here can also be determined through genetics. However, there are times when this can be modified because of environmental factors and circumstances.


The terms used for key period outlines are stages and ages. These are all vital in the timeline of human development. For every stage in development, there is an expected outcome that may be watched out for. For example, during the primary development, domains such as intellectual, physical, emotional, language and social are all meant to be improved. With this, the goal is for parents to have a full grasp of what takes place in the brain and body of their child. Parents should be ready in supporting and encouraging the needs of their kids in this sense. They should be keen in watching for structure, and even interventions. All of these would enable a child to progress in the long run. This is the only way to have an idea on how unique the kid can be.


The Periods and Stages

  • Infants/Babies (0 to 2 years old)

To raise a baby is a combination of excitement and challenge. During this stage, bonds are developed accordingly. This is a way for the child to be provided with inner resources. This is also the answer for the improvement of self-esteem and optimism. Basically, the parents need to start discovering who their child is. Upon doing so, respect, encouragement and support are all vital.

  • Toddlers/Preschoolers (2 to 5 years old)

A new phase in development starts as the child puts on his first step. This is when the kid begins to roam around. He is given the chance to see the world. This is also the juncture when the kid becomes active and responsive to the environment. Usually, this also involves language development. Learning about objects may also be observed here. However, one of the struggles is for parents to make sure that they guide in the meltdowns of their offspring. A bond should be effective in this sense.

  • School Age Children ( 6 to 12 years old)

School age is when the child is set to take part in new activities. Of course, parents have to be their supporters. They have to cheer as much as they can. They have to be the first one to applaud in their accomplishments. For instance, if they joined in recitals, there should be an encouraging system behind. The weaknesses of the kid may surface here. Intervention had to be carried out to make sure that such are handled properly. From those shortcomings, strength may always be built. Supervision is the ultimate answer though.

  • Adolescents/Teenagers (13 to 18 years old)

Teenage or adolescent life can be a struggle. This is the most critical part of the developmental stage. This is one of the reasons why not everyone has a rejoicing memory of their middle school. Well, this is not surprising because at this point, the child experiences creepy body changes. Interpersonal relationship is also determined here. It is common to see adolescents being bullied by their peers. This is comes with the need to seek for independence. There are even times when this ends to the so-called passive-aggressive behavior. Regardless, parents should still continue what they have started. They should be around as the child defines himself as a person. Skill development may be observed of great assistance.  Training programs are available anyway. This is a way for talents to be perfected.


Is your kid venturing the right track?

At the end of the day, parents have to make sure that they have an overview of various child development phases. It is crucial to remember various time frames which are shown per average. These are to be kept in mind as much as possible.  Please take note that there are children out there who might attain milestones in their development rather earlier. There are cases when it happens the other way round. Do not be anxious with this because for as long as the occurrence is within the normal range, the kid is safe. Expectations have to be known to heart. This way, parents will not have a hard time overseeing their growth of their kid.



Setting Expectations

In the basis of checking stage development, there are three aspects that have to be taken into account. First is the physical and language, second is the emotional, while the third and last part is the social factor.


For example, as infants, sensory capacities are only about to blossom. There may only be limited functions to senses. As for the people around, kids in this stage manifest generalized tension. They may feel threatened. They are also helpless. That is why they need their mothers around.


As the infant reaches two to three months, sensory capacities advance. They may be able to perceive colors already. They will be exploring visually and orally too. However, they may be distressed all the time. Even if, it will not be impossible to see them smiling at faces.


Reaching four to six months may be another milestone. In here, the toddler can already babble. He can already utter vowels. The same is also true for consonant feedings. Socially, they would like to be cuddled. Of course, their recognition of their mother becomes really attached here.


Motor ability may come around the baby’s seven to ninth month. He may be able to control his hands and trunk in this period. He may also be able to sit without needing for any support. Crawling may also occur here. Emotions are intensely attached too. Whenever they are separated from their mother, they would protest. This may also be the perfect time for peek-a-boo.


The truth about child development

The role of parents throughout this journey is crucial. Needless to say, they are necessary in the completion of child development stages.

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    Maureen R. Foreman

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